The State of the Art in Science Education: Results of MARCH Empirical Studies
This report presents the results of the MARCH study and contains a collection of best practices from the seven participating countries, focussing on science teaching methodologies and everyday practices in secondary schools. Its objectives were to review the current state of Science Education across Europe and to map the state-of-the-art of students' and teachers' perceptions and opinions of science teaching in the selected countries.
The work was led by Forum Democrit and the report was written by Todor Galev, PhD, Institute for the Study of Societies and Knowledge, Bulgarian Academy of Science. Contributions and revisions were made by Diana Popova from Forum Democrit (Bulgaria) and Julia Karnahl from Jungvornweg (Germany).
It is important to point out that the results in this report do not necessarily provide an exact and complete picture of science education in each of the countries involved in the scoping study, but instead shows trends and highlights issues and challenges in the area of Science Education.
- Secondary education is still related more closely to the science-based world than to business/ industry, including in those countries with decades-long tradition in science and technology education.
- Science education in all the countries is still much more theoretically-based than focused on hands-on practices.
- Even in leading countries, the respective policies have not provided the expected results.
- There is a need to involve families in science and technology activities; in-depth interviews and the available studies show only single good practices, thus need a special focus on the public policies.
- A particular attention is required in training students how to recognise accurate science information, especially in the online environment.